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Free Issa Amro!/Letter to the UN Secretary General, mr A. Guterres

donderdag 23 maart 2017
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FREE ISSA AMRO!/LETTER TO THE UN SECRETARY, MR GUTERRES


SEE ALSO


https://www.astridessed.nl/free-issa-amroletter-to-the-un-secretary-mr-guterres/



TOTHE UN SECRETARY GENERALMR. A. GUTERRES

Subject:Please use your influence on the Israeliauthorities to drop charges against mr IssaAmro, non violent  champion of therightful struggle against the Israeli occupation.

Dear Mr Guterres,

I write to you on behalf of Mr Issa Amro, a Palestinian human rights defender and known advocate of non violent resistanceagainst the Israeli occupation. [1]He is the founder of ''Youth Against Settlements'' [2], a groupin Hebron in the Southern West Bank, that resists on non violentbasis,  the illegal settlements [3],especially the Hebron settlers, who form a small, but aggressive settler enclave in Hebron [4][As you know, all settlements in occupied Palestinian territories are contrary with International Law. [5]
In february 2016 mr Amro was arrested by the Israeli militaryon 18 charges [I'll refer to that later] and this week he has to appear before the Military Court. [6]

MILITARY LAW IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES
First:
The whole idea of dragging a civilian for a military Court is notonly absurd, but pure discrimination, sincfe it onlyapplies to Palestinian inhabitants of the occupied territories [7].Military Law is not to be apllied on inhabitants in Israelor settlers in the occupied territories. [8]That alone is a reason for you to protest at the Israeli authoritiesagainst this outright discrimination.

THE CASE AGAINST MR ISSA AMRO
But the reason for this letter is the case against mr  Issa Amro:According to my information, at 29 february 2016, after a demonstration at 26 february, mr Issa Amro wasarrested, together with lawyer Farid al-Atrash..[9]Atrash's case needs your attention too, but since I have moreinformation about mr Amro, I write about him more elaborately.[perhaps later I address you on behalf of Mr Atrash]
At  june 2016, 18 charges were leveled against mr Amro at Ofer Military Court [10]
Not only some charges against him are ridiculous [''insulting a soldier''and more of that nonsense] [11], his attorney has declared that 14 of the 18 charges are several years old an in some cases were already investigatedand closed without indictment. [12]
Human Rights organization Amnesty International calledthe charges ''baseless'' and considers the trial as a way tosilence him and stifle his human rights work. [13]
Earlier that year [april 2016], in a statement, Amnesty International referredto mr Issa Amro, mr Arid al-Atrash, mr Omar Barghouti, as others, who are systematically harrassed by the Israeli governmentbecause of their human rights work. [14]

EPILOGUE
This intimidation must come to an end.Not only Israel is the occupying power for nearly fifty years,spreading oppression, humiliation, and human rightsabuses in East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza [15],expanding illegal settlements by a new ''theft'' law youhave rightly condemned [16].The settlers in the occupied territories, especially in Hebron,are terrorizing the Palestinian civilian population on daily basis[17] without them being protected by the Israeli army [which istheir obligation under the Geneva Conventions]
No, instead of protection, honest Palestinian human rightsdefenders like mr Issa Amro are being arrested and intimidated.
I call on you:
Take your responsibility as the UN Secretary and call firmly onIsrael, to stop this intimidation and drop the charges against mrIssa Amro.

And not only that:
Call firmly and decisevely on Israel, to end the occupation,dismantle the settlements and break down the illegalWall. [18]
That is the only way to a true and lasting peace.
I expect you to defend International Law and takethose important steps.

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed
Amsterdam
The Netherlands

NOTES



[1]


THE NEW YORK TIMESWHO'S AFRAID OF NONVIOLENCE27 JANUARY 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/0 1/27/opinion/whos-afraid-of-no nviolence.html?_r=0


[2]

YOUTH AGAINST SETTLEMENTS

http://hyas.ps/


[3]

''Youth Against Settlements is a nonviolent direct action group, which seeks to end the building and expanding of illegal Israeli settlements through non-violent popular struggle and civil resistance.

YAS is based in Hebron, one of the hardest hit areas of the Israeli occupation, where fundamentalists Israelis that have forcibly established a settlement right in the heart of Hebron. In order to protect illegal settlers, the Israeli state has imposed on the Palestinian residents of the city a regime of forced evictions, curfews, market and street closures, military checkpoints, and subjection to military law. Palestinians face frequent random searches, detentions without charge, and rampant settler violence. As a result of this, approximately 13,000  Palestinian civilians have fled their homes in Hebron’s city center, turning the city center into a virtual ghost town.''



http://hyas.ps/about-us/



[4]





''The Palestinians who live in the South Hebron Hills are frequently the victims of violence perpetrated by residents of the nearby Israeli settlements. The violence escalated with the establishment of the Havat Ma’on settlement outpost in 1997 and then in 2000, with the outbreak of the second intifada. The Israeli authorities – military and police – generally do not intervene in these violent incidents and generally fail to exhaust the investigative means necessary for enforcing the law on violent settlers.Violent incidents include the following: attacking Palestinians in their living areas and attempting to burn down their tent dwellings; attacking shepherds as well as Israeli and international activists who accompany the villagers; vandalizing or chopping down olive trees and fruit trees; burning grain; setting dogs on people; stealing and harming sheep. Attacks of this type – which escalate during planting and harvesting – make it difficult for villagers to get their herds to pasture and restrict their access to their agricultural plots and water cisterns.''


BTSELEM.ORGBACKGROUND ON THE SOUTH HEBRON HILLS

http://www.btselem.org/south_ hebron_hills

BTSELEM.ORGBACKGROUND ON THE SOUTH HEBRON HILLS
http://www.btselem.org/south_h ebron_hills


BTSELEM.ORGSOUTH HEBRON HILLS

http://www.btselem.org/topic/s outh_hebron_hills


[5]


THE ILLEGALITY OF THE ISRAELI SETTLEMENTS

”The Fourth Geneva Convention prohibits an occupying power from transferring citizens from its own territory to the occupied territory (Article 49).

The Hague Regulations prohibit an occupying power from undertaking permanent changes in the occupied area unless these are due to military needs in the narrow sense of the term, or unless they are undertaken for the benefit of the local population.”

BTSELEM.ORG

LAND EXPROPRIATION AND SETTLEMENTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL

LAW

http://www.btselem.org/settlem ents/international_law

”Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.”

ARTICLE 49, FOURTH GENEVA CONVENTION

https://www.icrc.org/applic/ih l/ihl.nsf/Article.xsp?action=o penDocument&documentId=77068F1 2B8857C4DC12563CD0051BDB0

HAGUE CONVENTION 1907

http://www.opbw.org/int_inst/s ec_docs/1907HC-TEXT.pdf




[6]




THE NEW YORK TIMESWHO'S AFRAID OF NONVIOLENCE27 JANUARY 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/0 1/27/opinion/whos-afraid-of-no nviolence.html?_r=0


[7]



''A new report published by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) outlines the nature of the legal regime currently operating in the West Bank. Two systems of law are applied in a single territory: one – a civilian legal system for Israeli citizens, and a second – a military court system for Palestinian residents. The result: institutionalized discrimination.''
ACRI [ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN ISRAEL]ONE RULE, TWO LEGAL SYSTEMS: ISRAEL'S REGIME OF LAWSIN THE WEST BANK24 NOVEMBER 2014

http://www.acri.org.il/en/2014 /11/24/twosysreport/


REPORT

14 OCTOBER 2014ACRI [ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN ISRAEL]ONE RULE, TWO LEGAL SYSTEMS: ISRAEL'S REGIME OF LAWSIN THE WEST BANK

http://www.acri.org.il/en/wp-c ontent/uploads/2015/02/Two-Sys tems-of-Law-English-FINAL.pdf

''The laws implemented in the West Bank are inequitable and discriminate against Palestinians. Although the settlers live in the same geographical area in which martial law is imposed, Israel has decided that they are not subject to military law, but rather to Israeli law. The application of two distinct legal systems in a single territory constitutes gross discrimination''

BTSELEM.ORGMILITARY LAW

http://www.btselem.org/demonst rations/military_law

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF THE RED CROSS
THE JUDICIAL ARM OF THE OCCUPATION:THE ISRAELI MILITARY COURTS IN THEOCCUPIED TERRITORIES
https://www.icrc.org/eng/asset s/files/other/irrc_866_weill.p df


[8]




''A new report published by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) outlines the nature of the legal regime currently operating in the West Bank. Two systems of law are applied in a single territory: one – a civilian legal system for Israeli citizens, and a second – a military court system for Palestinian residents. The result: institutionalized discrimination.''
ACRI [ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN ISRAEL]ONE RULE, TWO LEGAL SYSTEMS: ISRAEL'S REGIME OF LAWSIN THE WEST BANK24 NOVEMBER 2014

http://www.acri.org.il/en/2014 /11/24/twosysreport/


REPORT

14 OCTOBER 2014ACRI [ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS IN ISRAEL]ONE RULE, TWO LEGAL SYSTEMS: ISRAEL'S REGIME OF LAWSIN THE WEST BANK

http://www.acri.org.il/en/wp-c ontent/uploads/2015/02/Two-Sys tems-of-Law-English-FINAL.pdf



''The laws implemented in the West Bank are inequitable and discriminate against Palestinians. Although the settlers live in the same geographical area in which martial law is imposed, Israel has decided that they are not subject to military law, but rather to Israeli law. The application of two distinct legal systems in a single territory constitutes gross discrimination''

BTSELEM.ORGMILITARY LAW

http://www.btselem.org/demonst rations/military_law

[9]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL USAURGENT ACTION: TWO PALESTINIAN HUMANRIGHTS DEFENDERS ON TRIAL
17 FEBRUARY 2017
http://www.amnestyusa.org/get-involved/take-action-now/urgent-action-two-palestinian-human-rights-defenders-on-trial-israelopt-ua-27816


[10]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAEL/OPT: DROP BASELESS CHARGES AGAINST PALESTINIANHUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDER22 NOVEMBER 2016

https://www.amnesty.org/en/ latest/news/2016/11/israel- opt-drop-baseless-charges- against-palestinian-human- rights-defender/


[11]

THE HAARETZPALESTINIAN ISSA AMRO CLAIMS POLITICALPERSECUTION AFTER INDICTMENT OVER OFFENSESDATING FROM W0135 SEPTEMBER 2016

http://www.haaretz.com/israel- news/1.740072


[12]

THE HUFFINGTON POSTISRAEL PUTS CELEBRATED ACTIVIST ON TRIAL

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ david-palumboliu/israel-puts-c elebrated-_b_13590812.html








THE HAARETZPALESTINIAN ISSA AMRO CLAIMS POLITICALPERSECUTION AFTER INDICTMENT OVER OFFENSESDATING FROM W0135 SEPTEMBER 2016

http://www.haaretz.com/israel- news/1.740072



[13]


AMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAEL/OPT: DROP BASELESS CHARGES AGAINST PALESTINIANHUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDER22 NOVEMBER 2016

https://www.amnesty.org/en/ latest/news/2016/11/israel- opt-drop-baseless-charges- against-palestinian-human- rights-defender/


[14]



AMNESTY INTERNATIONALISRAELI GOVERNMENT MUST CEASE INTIMIDATION OFHUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS, PROTECT THEM FROMATTACKS12 APRIL 2016

https://www.amnesty.nl/ actueel/israeli-government- must-cease-intimidation-of- human-rights-defenders- protect-them-from-attacks



[15]


ISRAELI MILITARY ATTACKS ON GAZA

”PROTECTIVE EDGE” 2014

FRAGMENTED LIVES

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW 2014

MARCH 2015

http://reliefweb.int/sites/rel iefweb.int/files/resources/ann ual_humanitarian_overview_2014 _english_final.pdf




BTSELEM.ORG

THE SIEGE ON GAZA

http://www.btselem.org/gaza_ strip/siege

BBC

UN OFFICIAL SLAMS ISRAEL ”CRIMES”

10 DECEMBER 2008

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/ middle_east/7774988.stm

BLOCKADE ON GAZA/CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

ASTRID ESSED

14 FEBRUARY 2008

http://la.indymedia.org/news/ 2008/02/213864.php






[16]

REUTERS

UN CHIEF SAYS ISRAELI SETTLEMENT BILL GOES

AGAINST INTERNATIONAL LAW

7 FEBRUARY 2017

http://www.reuters.com/article /us-un-israel-settlement-idUSK BN15M2A2


[17]


'The Palestinians who live in the South Hebron Hills are frequently the victims of violence perpetrated by residents of the nearby Israeli settlements. The violence escalated with the establishment of the Havat Ma’on settlement outpost in 1997 and then in 2000, with the outbreak of the second intifada. The Israeli authorities – military and police – generally do not intervene in these violent incidents and generally fail to exhaust the investigative means necessary for enforcing the law on violent settlers.Violent incidents include the following: attacking Palestinians in their living areas and attempting to burn down their tent dwellings; attacking shepherds as well as Israeli and international activists who accompany the villagers; vandalizing or chopping down olive trees and fruit trees; burning grain; setting dogs on people; stealing and harming sheep. Attacks of this type – which escalate during planting and harvesting – make it difficult for villagers to get their herds to pasture and restrict their access to their agricultural plots and water cisterns.''


BTSELEM.ORGBACKGROUND ON THE SOUTH HEBRON HILLS

http://www.btselem.org/south_ hebron_hills


[18]

INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

LEGAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF A WALL

IN THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

9 JULI 2004

http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/ index.php?pr=71&code=mwp&p1=3& p2=4&p3=6&ca